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namespace fastIO {
    #define BUF_SIZE 100000
    //fread -> read
    bool IOerror = 0;
    inline char nc() {
        static char buf[BUF_SIZE], *p1 = buf + BUF_SIZE, *pend = buf + BUF_SIZE;
        if(p1 == pend) {
            p1 = buf;
            pend = buf + fread(buf, 1, BUF_SIZE, stdin);
            if(pend == p1) {
                IOerror = 1;
                return -1;
            }
        }
        return *p1++;
    }
    inline bool blank(char ch) {
        return ch == ' ' || ch == '\n' || ch == '\r' || ch == '\t';
    }
    inline void read(int &x) {
        char ch;
        while(blank(ch = nc()));
        if(IOerror)
            return;
        for(x = ch - '0'; (ch = nc()) >= '0' && ch <= '9'; x = x * 10 + ch - '0');
    }
    #undef BUF_SIZE
};
using namespace fastIO;
namespace IO{
    #define BUF_SIZE 100000
    #define OUT_SIZE 100000
    #define ll long long
    //fread->read

    bool IOerror=0;
    inline char nc(){
        static char buf[BUF_SIZE],*p1=buf+BUF_SIZE,*pend=buf+BUF_SIZE;
        if (p1==pend){
            p1=buf; pend=buf+fread(buf,1,BUF_SIZE,stdin);
            if (pend==p1){IOerror=1;return -1;}
            //{printf("IO error!\n");system("pause");for (;;);exit(0);}
        }
        return *p1++;
    }
    inline bool blank(char ch){return ch==' '||ch=='\n'||ch=='\r'||ch=='\t';}
    inline void read(int &x){
        bool sign=0; char ch=nc(); x=0;
        for (;blank(ch);ch=nc());
        if (IOerror)return;
        if (ch=='-')sign=1,ch=nc();
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=nc())x=x*10+ch-'0';
        if (sign)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read(ll &x){
        bool sign=0; char ch=nc(); x=0;
        for (;blank(ch);ch=nc());
        if (IOerror)return;
        if (ch=='-')sign=1,ch=nc();
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=nc())x=x*10+ch-'0';
        if (sign)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read(double &x){
        bool sign=0; char ch=nc(); x=0;
        for (;blank(ch);ch=nc());
        if (IOerror)return;
        if (ch=='-')sign=1,ch=nc();
        for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=nc())x=x*10+ch-'0';
        if (ch=='.'){
            double tmp=1; ch=nc();
            for (;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=nc())tmp/=10.0,x+=tmp*(ch-'0');
        }
        if (sign)x=-x;
    }
    inline void read(char *s){
        char ch=nc();
        for (;blank(ch);ch=nc());
        if (IOerror)return;
        for (;!blank(ch)&&!IOerror;ch=nc())*s++=ch;
        *s=0;
    }
    inline void read(char &c){
        for (c=nc();blank(c);c=nc());
        if (IOerror){c=-1;return;}
    }
    //fwrite->write
    struct Ostream_fwrite{
        char *buf,*p1,*pend;
        Ostream_fwrite(){buf=new char[BUF_SIZE];p1=buf;pend=buf+BUF_SIZE;}
        void out(char ch){
            if (p1==pend){
                fwrite(buf,1,BUF_SIZE,stdout);p1=buf;
            }
            *p1++=ch;
        }
        void print(int x){
            static char s[15],*s1;s1=s;
            if (!x)*s1++='0';if (x<0)out('-'),x=-x;
            while(x)*s1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
            while(s1--!=s)out(*s1);
        }
        void println(int x){
            static char s[15],*s1;s1=s;
            if (!x)*s1++='0';if (x<0)out('-'),x=-x;
            while(x)*s1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
            while(s1--!=s)out(*s1); out('\n');
        }
        void print(ll x){
            static char s[25],*s1;s1=s;
            if (!x)*s1++='0';if (x<0)out('-'),x=-x;
            while(x)*s1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
            while(s1--!=s)out(*s1);
        }
        void println(ll x){
            static char s[25],*s1;s1=s;
            if (!x)*s1++='0';if (x<0)out('-'),x=-x;
            while(x)*s1++=x%10+'0',x/=10;
            while(s1--!=s)out(*s1); out('\n');
        }
        void print(double x,int y){
            static ll mul[]={1,10,100,1000,10000,100000,1000000,10000000,100000000,
                1000000000,10000000000LL,100000000000LL,1000000000000LL,10000000000000LL,
                100000000000000LL,1000000000000000LL,10000000000000000LL,100000000000000000LL};
            if (x<-1e-12)out('-'),x=-x;x*=mul[y];
            ll x1=(ll)floor(x); if (x-floor(x)>=0.5)++x1;
            ll x2=x1/mul[y],x3=x1-x2*mul[y]; print(x2);
            if (y>0){out('.'); for (size_t i=1;i<y&&x3*mul[i]<mul[y];out('0'),++i); print(x3);}
        }
        void println(double x,int y){print(x,y);out('\n');}
        void print(char *s){while (*s)out(*s++);}
        void println(char *s){while (*s)out(*s++);out('\n');}
        void flush(){if (p1!=buf){fwrite(buf,1,p1-buf,stdout);p1=buf;}}
        ~Ostream_fwrite(){flush();}
    }Ostream;
    inline void print(int x){Ostream.print(x);}
    inline void println(int x){Ostream.println(x);}
    inline void print(char x){Ostream.out(x);}
    inline void println(char x){Ostream.out(x);Ostream.out('\n');}
    inline void print(ll x){Ostream.print(x);}
    inline void println(ll x){Ostream.println(x);}
    inline void print(double x,int y){Ostream.print(x,y);}
    inline void println(double x,int y){Ostream.println(x,y);}
    inline void print(char *s){Ostream.print(s);}
    inline void println(char *s){Ostream.println(s);}
    inline void println(){Ostream.out('\n');}
    inline void flush(){Ostream.flush();}
    #undef ll
    #undef OUT_SIZE
    #undef BUF_SIZE
};
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